Based on 2013 Census data—which relies on self-identification through Census forms, as well as Gallup polls—the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Williams Institute found that an estimated 1.4 million (or 4.3 percent) of US Hispanics consider themselves lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). Recent Gallup surveys show that nationwide LGBT rates are at 3.5 percent.
According to the data, about 146,000 Hispanics live in same-sex households, with the top three states for LGBT Latinos being: Texas, Nevada and California. Also, studies showed that about one-third of same-sex couples of a Latino household live in New Mexico, California and Texas.
“While sometimes less visible in popular representations of LGBT people and families, Latinos make up a sizable portion of the LGBT population, and they tend to live in Latino, as opposed to LGBT, communities,” said Williams Distinguished Scholar co-author Gary J. Gates.
Other findings, as shown by NBC Latino, show that 63 percent Latino/as in same-sex relationships, are coupled with a partner who is not Latino. 26 percent of Latino individuals who are in a same an same-sex relationship have a college degree, versus 14 percent who are in opposite-sex relationships.
Additionally, LGBT Latinos have a higher rate of unemployment (14 percent) compared to heterosexual Latinos (11 percent).
Latino individuals in same-sex couples report higher median income compare to heterosexual couples – $28,000 vs. $20,000. Latina females in same-sex relationships report much higher income ($27,000) than heterosexual couples ($11,000).
Additionally, 66 percent of Latino same-sex couples are born American citizens whereas 42 percent of Latino opposite-sex pairs were born as citizens of the US.